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Yardage Charts

Bedding Yardage

Fabric for bedding is often overlooked because of a lack of variety or because of the expense associated with department store prices. However, at J&O Fabrics' online fabric store we carry an extensive selection of fabrics that are appropriate for bedding. These are designer fabrics at discount prices that are ideal for bedspreads, pillow covers, sheets, blankets, duvets, dust ruffles and so on.
With the following charts J&O offers some estimates on how many yards you may need for specific bedding projects. These charts are not intended to exhaustively treat every possible bedding project, but rather to give approximate yardages for some of the most common. Furthermore, as these charts are guidelines and not definitive statements, they do not eliminate the need for you to make exact measurements before purchasing fabric. Some members of our staff have over 40 years experience in the fabric industry, so if these charts do not satisfactorily clarify your questions feel free to send us your inquiries to info@jandofabrics.com.


Bedspreads

Custom Bedspreads - 54" Fabric (per side)
SIZE SOLID/PRINT QUILTED BEDSPREADS - SOLID
Twin 6 Yards/8 Yards 10 Yards
Full 6 Yards/8 Yards 10 Yards
Queen 10 Yards/12 Yards 14 Yards
King 10 Yards/12 Yards 14 Yards

Bedspreads cover the entire bed by folding over the bed pillows and hanging all the way to the floor on a standard bed. Standard beds have a drop of 21" from the top of the bed to the floor and 14" from the top of the box spring to the floor. If a bed is higher than a standard, a longer dust ruffle can be added to finish the look of the ensemble. Bedspreads tend to be not quite as thick and fluffy as comforters.

Throw Style Bedspread
Semi-fitted Style Bedspread
Mattress Edge Fitted Bedspread
Gathered Skirt

Recommended Bedspread Fabric:


Coverlets

Custom Coverlets (per side)
SIZE SOLID - 54" PRINT - 54"
Twin 5 Yards 6 1/2 Yards
Full 6 Yards 8 1/2 Yards
Queen 6 Yards 8 1/2 Yards
King 9 Yards 12 Yards

Coverlets are similar to comforters in that they cover the top of the bed only. Coverlets do not cover the bed pillows and do not hang to the floor, most often they are used in conjunction with a dust ruffle and shams. Lightweight like a quilt, coverlets are used in warm climates in the summer usually instead of a comforter or bedspread.

Throw Style Coverlet
Semi-fitted Style Coverlet
Fitted at Mattress Edge Style Coverlet

Recommended Coverlet Fabric:


Quilted Comforters

Quilted Comforters - Solid, 54" Fabrics
Comforters
Twin 8 Yards
Full 8 Yards
Queen 8 Yards
King 12 Yards

Comforters cover the mattress, but not the box spring. Comforters are fluffier, 'heavier and warmer than bedspreads or coverlets because the top and bottom fabrics are quilted together with batting in the middle. Most often, a comforter is used with a dust ruffle to decoratively cover the box spring and hang to the floor. Since a comforter is not long enough to cover the bed pillows, many people use shams.


Duvets (per side)
SIZE SOLID/PRINT - 54"
Twin 5 Yards/5 Yards
Full 6 Yards/6 Yards
Queen 6 Yards/6 Yards
King 9 Yards/9 Yards

Duvet covers are used to decorate and protect down filled comforters and blankets. They work like giant pillow cases and usually have a button or tie enclosure at one end.


Pillow Shams

Flanged Pillow Sham Cutting Chart
Pillow Size Dimensions Cut Size of Fabric
Standard 20" x 26" 27" x 72"
Queen 20" x 30" 27" x 80"
King 20" x 36" 27" x 92"
Sham Type Yardage
Knife Edged 1 1/2 Yards
Corded 1 1/2 Yards for body, 1/2 Yard for cord
Shirred Corded 1 1/2 Yards for body, 1 1/2 Yards for cord
Ruffled 1 1/2 Yards for body, 1 1/2 Yards for ruffle
Double Ruffled 1 1/2 Yards for body, 1 1/2 Yards for first ruffle, 2 Yards for second ruffle
Flanged (tailored) 2 Yards
Contrasting Flange (tailored) 2 Yards for body, 1 Yard for contrasting flange
Jumbo Knotted Corners 1 1/2 Yards for body, 1 1/2 Yards for cord

Shams are decorative pillow covers. Usually ruffled or flanged, shams are used as extra pillows on beds to hide the bed pillows and coordinate with the outer bed covering such as bedspreads or comforters.
Pillows that are described as flanged include a decorative band of fabric around the pillow that is straighter, or more tailored, than a ruffled pillow.

Boxed Pillow Sham
Envelope Style
Flanged Style
Pillow Sham with Ruffles
Pillow Sham with Welting or Trim

Dust Ruffles

Custom Dust Ruffles - 14"-17" Drop
SOLID/PRINT - 54"
SIZE TAILORED SHIRRED BOX PLEATED
Twin 3 1/2 Yards / 4 Yards 6 1/2 Yards / 8 Yards 5 Yards / 6 Yards
Full 4 1/2 Yards / 5 Yards 7 Yards / 9 Yards 6 Yards / 6 Yards
Queen 5 Yards / 5 Yards 10 Yards / 12 Yards 6 Yards / 7 Yards
King 6 Yards / 6 Yards 12 Yards / 14 Yards 6 1/2 Yards / 7 Yards

A dust ruffle, or bed skirt, is used when the box spring of the bed is visible or when the top of the bed cover, like a bedspread or comforter, does not extend all the way to the floor. Dust ruffles fit under the mattress and on top of the box spring and reach the floor. Typical beds need a 14" dust ruffle, but higher beds could require an 18" or 22" dust ruffle. Many four-poster beds require a 22" dust ruffle. To measure for a dust ruffle, measure from the top of the box spring to the floor. If a bed measures 17" for a dust ruffle, an 18" dust ruffle can be pinned to fit exactly. Most dust ruffles are either ruffled or tailored.

Box Pleated Style
Fitted Gathered Style
Tailored Style
Custom Dust Ruffles - 17"-27" Drop
SOLID/PRINT - 54"
SIZE TAILORED SHIRRED BOX PLEATED
Twin 4 Yards 8 Yards 6 Yards
Full 5 Yards 9 Yards 6 Yards
Queen 5 Yards 10 Yards 7 Yards
King 6 Yards 12 Yards 7 Yards

The term drop usually refers to the distance from the top of the bed to the floor or the distance from the top of the box spring to the floor. The drop measurement is important when considering a bedspread to ensure that it reaches the floor. Standard drop from the top of the bed to the floor is 21". The drop measurement is also important for comforters and coverlets when choosing a dust ruffle. The drop on the dust ruffle is measured from the top of the box spring to the floor. bStandard drop on a dust ruffle is 14" and most comforter sets include a dust ruffle with a 14" drop. If the drop on a bed is higher than 14", then a longer dust ruffle can be layered underneath to drop all the way to the floor.
Shirred refers to fabric which is gathered to make decorative folds.
A box pleat refers to two folds of fabric brought together to form a pleat.


Headboards

Upholstered Headboard - Gathered Border
Twin 3 1/2 Yards
Full 5 1/2 Yards
Queen 6 Yards
King 6 1/2 Yards

A headboard is a vertical board or panel forming the head of a bedstead. Heavier upholstery fabrics such as chenille and tweed can be used to cover headboards. Tapestry fabric can also be used for this purpose.
The amounts above are for the front side of the headboard. To upholster both side simply double the yardage. The yardage amount is based on solid, 54" wide fabric. Extra yardage may be required to match patterns.


Standard Bedding Sizes

The following standard bedding sizes are intended to expedite the process of measuring by giving you the approximate dimensions of most bedding. Actual sizes may vary, so this guide does not eliminate the need to take measurements of your bedding before purchasing fabric.

Type Standard Mattress Bedspread Comforter / Quilt Dust Ruffle
Crib 27" x 52" 36" x 60"
Day Bed 39" x 75" 69" x 90"
Twin 39" x 75" 81" x 110" 69" x 90" 57" x 89"
Full 54" x 75" 96" x 110" 84" x 90" 90" x 110"
Queen 60" x 80" 102" x 115" 90" x 95" 102" x 115"
Dual/King 76" x 80" 120" x 115" 106" x 98" 120" x 115"
California King 72" x 84" 120" x 115" 106" x 98" 100" x 98"
Crib Bumper Pads
Bumper Pad Size Yardage
28" x 52" x 10"H 4 Yards
The bedspread sizes account for the standard drop of 21". The dust ruffle sizes account for the standard drop of 14".

How to Measure for Bedding

To avoid the pitfalls of purchasing too little or too much fabric, the following guide indicates the measurements you will need to take to get your bedding project started off right.

You will need to measure:

  • The width of the mattress
  • The length of the mattress
  • The drop from the top of the mattress to the floor
  • The drop from the top of the box spring to the floor
  • The drop from the mattress to the top of the box spring

These measurements will allow you to determine more exactly how many yards of fabric are required for your bedding project.

Yardage Chart for Draperies

An important part of any decorative project is the drapery fabric you choose. Beyond simply selecting the right print and coordinating colors, decorating with drapery fabrics also entails purchasing the correct yardage. Failure to do so can stunt a project before it gets off the ground.

With the following charts J&O offers some estimates on how many yards you may need for specific window treatments. These charts are not intended to exhaustively treat every possible drapery project, but rather to give approximate yardages for some of the most common. Furthermore, as these charts are guidelines and not definitive statements, they do not eliminate the need for you to make exact measurements before purchasing fabric. Some members of our staff have over 40 years experience in the retail fabric industry, so if these charts do not satisfactorily clarify your questions feel free to send us your inquiries to info@jandofabrics.com.


Balloon Shades

Balloon Shades – 63" long window
Single Window Double Window
Functional: 7 Yards 10 Yards
Stationary: 4 Yards 7 Yards

What are balloon shades? Balloon shades, like Roman shades, are composed of a fabric body that gathers up to the top of a window to create soft, billowing folds.

Soft, lightweight fabrics should be chosen for balloon shades. Balloon shades should also be lined with a light material, but not with interlining. Balloon shades are intended to be light and airy.


Roman Shades

Roman Shades – 63” long window
Single Window Double Window
2 ½ Yards 5 Yards

There are two types of Roman shades: classic and flat. Classic Roman shades have overlapping folds when lowered, while flat Roman shades have no folds when lowered. Roman shades should be made out of full bodied fabric.


Swags and Cascades

Single Window Double Window
3 ½ - 7 Yards 1 ½ Yards per additional swag

A swag is a one-piece valance which is cut longer on either end so that it frames the entire top half of the window. Swags are usually hung over rods.
Swags should be done out of fabric that has body but is soft. Anything too crisp or stiff, such as chintz, is not a good choice.
Cascades are folded pieces of fabric that fall from the top of the drapery heading to create a zigzag effect.


Drapery Panels

Drapery panels up to 96” long with basic 36” window
Single Window Double Window Triple Window
Solid Print Solid Print Solid Print
Functional 9 Yards 12 Yards 13 Yards 19 Yards 18 Yards 21 Yards
Stationary 7 Yards 9 Yards 10 Yards 13 Yards 12 Yards 15 Yards

Table Skirts and Shower Curtains

Table Skirts
Table Size Solid (54”) Print (54”) Trim
20” x 30” 4 Yards 5 ½ Yards 5 ½ Yards
30” x 30” 6 Yards 7 ½ Yards 8 ¼ Yards
36” x 30” 6 ½ Yards 8 Yards 9 Yards
48” x 30” 9 Yards 11 ¼ Yards 10 Yards
54” x 30” 9 Yards 11 ¼ Yards 10 ½ Yards
60” x 30” 10 Yards 12 ½ Yards 11 Yards
Standard Shower Curtain – 5 to 6 Yards
Shower Valance – 3 Yards

Recommended Drapery Fabric:


Standard Tablecloth and Napkin Sizes

The following standard tablecloth and napkin sizes are intended to expedite your fabric projects by giving you the approximate dimensions of most tablecloths and napkins. Actual sizes may vary, so this guide does not eliminate the need to take measurements of your tables before purchasing fabric.

The total diameter refers to the table diameter plus a 2" drop all around.

ROUND TABLECLOTHS
Total Diameter 48" Wide Fabric 54" Wide Fabric Trim
50" 3 Yards 1 1/2 Yards 4 1/2 Yards
56" 3 1/4 Yards 3 1/4 Yards 5 Yards
68" 4 Yards 4 Yards 6 Yards
74" 4 1/4 Yards 4 1/4 Yards 6 1/2 Yards
80" 4 1/2 Yards 4 1/2 Yards 7 Yards
86" 5 Yards 5 Yards 7 1/2 Yards
92" 5 1/4 Yards 5 1/4 Yards 8 Yards
96" 8 Yards 5 1/2 Yards 8 1/2 Yards
108" 9 Yards 6 Yards 9 1/2 Yards
114" 9 1/2 Yards 9 1/2 Yards 10 Yards
120" 10 Yards 10 Yards 10 1/2 Yards
126" 10 1/2 Yards 10 1/2 Yards 11 Yards
132" 11 Yards 11 Yards 11 1/2 Yards
TABLECLOTHS
52" x 52"
52" x 70"
60" x 84"
60" x 102"
60" x 120"
60" x 144"
70" Round
90" Round
NAPKINS
Dinner 16" Square
Luncheon 14" Square
Cocktail 12" Square

Recommended Tablecloth and Napkin Fabric:


How to Measure Your Windows

To avoid the pitfalls of purchasing too little or too much fabric, the following guide indicates the measurements you will need to take to get your window treatment project started off right.

You will need to measure:

  • The window width including the frame
  • The length from the top of the frame to the top of the sill
  • Inside width
  • Inside length
  • The distance from top the of the frame to the ceiling
  • The distance from the bottom of the apron* to the floor
  • The distance from the right side of the frame to the wall
  • The distance from the left side of the frame to the wall
  • The length from the top of the frame to the floor
  • The length from the ceiling to the floor
  • The width of the frame

These measurements will allow you to determine more exactly how many yards of fabric are required for your window treatment project.

*The apron is the decorative molding beneath the window sill.

Yardage Chart for Garments

Figuring out your dress or suit size can sometimes feel like trying to decipher an algebraic equation. J&O Fabrics recognizes the need for a simpler way of determining your dress or suit size. Therefore, we are providing you with the following charts to help you figure out what size you are. In addition to the size charts, we also provide some suggestions on how to measure yourself to get the best possible fit with the fabric you purchase.

With the following charts J&O offers some estimates on how many yards you may need for specific dress projects for men and women. These charts are not intended to exhaustively treat every possible garment you can make, but rather to give approximate yardages for some of the most common. Furthermore, as these charts are guidelines and not definitive statements, they do not eliminate the need for you to make exact measurements before purchasing fabric. Another point to consider is that sizes may vary from country to country.
Some members of our staff have over 40 years experience in the retail fabric industry, so if these charts do not satisfactorily clarify your questions feel free to send your inquiries to info@jandofabrics.com.

Recommended Garment Fabric:


Size Chart for Women's Garments

Dress Size Bust Waist Hips
0 32" 21" 32 ½"
2 33" 22" 33 ½"
4 34" 23 ½" 34 ½"
6 35 ½" 25" 35 ½"
8 36" 26 ½" 37 ½"
10 37 ½" 28 ½" 38 ½"
12 39" 29 ½" 39"
14 40 ½" 31" 40 ½"
16 42" 32" 42 ½"
18 45" 34" 46"
20 46" 36" 48"
22 49" 38" 50"
24 51" 40" 52"
26 54" 43" 55"
28 57" 46" 58"
30 60" 49" 61"
32 63" 53" 64"

Measuring for Women's Garments

Chest Measure around the chest just under the arms and across the shoulder blades with arms down at sides.
Coat Length Measure from the highest point of the shoulder down
Height Measure from the top of head down standing barefoot on a flat, hard surface with normal posture.
Inseam Measure from the inside seam to the hem of a pair of pants that fit well.
Waist Measure around natural waistline which appears as crease when bending to one side.
Neck Measure around fullest part of the neck.
Hips Measure around fullest part of body at the top of legs with feet together.
Sleeve Measure from center back of neck, over point of shoulder, and down outside of arm past elbow to wrist with arm relaxed at side.

Size Chart for Men's Suits

Your suit size is based on your chest and height measurements. For example, if your chest measures 44" you would wear a size 44 suit. How tall you are will determine whether you need a Short (S), Regular (R), or a Long (L) suit. These measurements are for reference only. Allow a difference for actual suit measurements.

Suit Size 38 R 40 R 42 R 44 R 46 R 48 R 50 R
Chest 38" 40" 42" 44" 46" 48" 50"
Shoulder 18" 18 1/2" 19" 19 1/2" 20" 20 1/2" 21"
Length 30 1/2" 31" 31" 31" 31 1/2" 31 1/2" 31 3/4"
Sleeve 24 1/2" 25" 25" 25 1/4" 25 1/4" 25 1/4" 25 1/2"
Waist 32" 34" 36" 38" 40" 42" 44"
Outseam (not hemmed) 47" 47" 47" 47" 47" 47" 47"
Inseam (not hemmed) 36" 36" 36" 36" 36" 36" 36"
Fabric to Let Out 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2"

Measuring for Men's Garments

Measuring for Suits
Measurement How To
Chest With your arms down at your side, take a tape measure and place it level under your arms and completely around your body (don't hold your breath). Be sure to cross over the shoulder blades and the fullest part of your chest (usually around the nipples). Remember that suit sizes are equal to your chest size. Be sure to allow room for breathing and movement.
Jacket Waist Measure horizontally around your stomach at the level of the bottom of the ribcage. This measurement may be where you are narrowest or widest. Allow some room for breathing and movement.
Shoulder Width Measure from the end of your left shoulder to the end of your right shoulder. This measurement should be equal to the desired width of the jacket's shoulders.
Jacket Measure from where the top of the shoulder meets the shirt collar, vertically down your front to where you would like the jacket to end. Use a jacket you like as a guide.
Sleeves Measure from the top of the end of your shoulder to the base of your thumb (located at the wrist joint). If you are unsure, you could wear a jacket you like and take the sleeve measurement from where the seams on the shoulder meet to the base of the sleeve.
Measuring for Dress Shirts
Your dress shirt size is determined by your neck size and arm length. For example, a 16.5 x 34/35 dress shirt will fit a man whose neck size is 16 inches and whose arm length is 34 to 35 inches.
Neck Keeping the measuring tape snug but not tight, measure around the fullest part of your neck. For a looser fit, place 2 fingers between the tape and your neck. Alternatively, measure a shirt that fits you well in the collar by laying the collar flat and measuring from center of top collar button to end of buttonhole. Round your measurement to the nearest 1/2 inch.
Sleeves Bend arm slightly at elbow and begin measuring from the center back of your neck under the collar over the top of your shoulder and down the outside of your arm to your wrist. Most people prefer the cuff to fall about an inch below the wrist bone.
Measuring for Pants
Typically the waist size of a suit pant is 6" less than the suit size. For example, a suit size 42 jacket comes with a 36" waist pant.
Waist Using a measuring tape, measure around your waistline where you normally wear your pants. Keep a finger between your body and the measuring tape. Pants sizes are equal to your waist size.
Seat Measure around your hips and buttocks at their widest point on a pair of well-fitting trousers (not jeans). Make sure your pockets are empty and the tape is not restrictive.
Inseam Using a pair of pants that fit you well, measure from the top of the inner pant leg seam to the opening at the bottom of the pant leg. The number of inches is the inseam length, rounded to the nearest half inch.
Outseam Measure from the top of the waistband on a pair of pants (not jeans), keeping the measure taut, down to where you wish the bottom of the pants to end. Please bear in mind that the fit you want over the shoe will affect the desired length.
Crotch Measure from the top of the trouser waistband at the front, between your legs, to top of the waistband at the back. Allow as much space as needed for comfort.
Thigh Empty your pockets, then measure comfortably around the thigh of your trousers (no jeans) at the widest point. This is a skin measurement and should be taken just below the crotch.
Knee Keep your leg straight and measure against your skin comfortably around your knee at the widest point.
Ankle Trouser bottoms should ideally harmonize with the shoes, covering between 1/2 and 2/3 of their surface. Narrow ankles will make the shoe look large, the trousers sit higher (and therefore need to be shorter), and vice versa. One tip is to measure the ankle width of some trousers you like the cut of. To do this simply lie them flat, measure one side and then double the measurement.
Belt You should order the same size belt as your waist size. If your waist size is an odd number, order the next larger size.
Casual Shirts and Sweaters Size Chart
Size Chest Waist Neck Arm
XS 34" - 36" 26" - 27" 13" - 13 1/2" 31" - 32"
S 37" - 39" 28" -31" 14" - 14 1/2" 32" -33"
M 40" - 42" 32" - 35" 15" - 15 1/2" 33" - 34"
L 43" - 45" 36" - 39" 16" - 16 1/2" 34" - 35"
XL 46" - 48" 40" - 43" 17" - 17 1/2" 35" - 36"
XXL 49" -51" 44" 46" 18" - 18 1/2" 35" - 36"

Yardage Chart for Quilts

During the High Middle Ages a fabric was commissioned to chronicle one of the most important events of those times: the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The famous Bayeux Tapestry is a 270 foot long embroidered cloth depicting this event as well as other chapters of the Norman conquest of England. Although few today would undertake such an ambitious task, even a novice quilter can begin to tell their stories in fabric.

The intriguing story of the Bayeux Tapestry shows that quilting can be a wonderful means of telling fascinating stories. With a bit of imagination you can also begin to quilt wonderful stories in fabric that you can share with your family and friends.

With the following charts J&O offers some estimates on how many yards you may need for specific quilting projects. These charts are not intended to exhaustively treat every possible quilting project, but rather to give approximate yardages for some of the most common. Furthermore, as these charts are guidelines and not definitive statements, they do not eliminate the need for you to make exact measurements and plan ahead before purchasing fabric. Some members of our staff have over 40 years experience in the retail fabric industry, so if these charts do not satisfactorily clarify your questions feel free to send your inquiries to info@jandofabrics.com.

Recommended Tablecloth and Napkin Fabric:


Getting Started

Before you begin work on your quilt there are some factors to consider. Good planning avoids costly miscalculations, especially those of buying too much or too little fabric. Some of the things to determine before setting to work are the following:

  • The size the quilt is going to be.
  • Whether or not it will drop down the sides of the bed, and if so, how far.
  • If it will be tucked under the pillows
  • The size of each block within the quilt
  • The layout of the blocks
  • The width of the fabric you are going to use
  • Whether or not you will sash between the rows and the blocks

Approximate Sizes for Standard Quilts

ADULT QUILTS CHILDREN'S QUILTS
Twin 68" x 88" "Preemie" Quilt 18" x 20-24"
Full 81" x 88" Newborn 25" x 30"
Queen 88" x 96" Crib 50" x 53"
King 107" x 108" Toddle 35" x 45"
Child 40" x 60"

Calculating Fractions for Quilts

To further assist you in your quilting project, the following chart indicates how you can calculate yardage fractions on a standard calculator.

  • 1/8 of a yard = 4 1/2 inches
  • 1/4 of a yard = 9 inches
  • 3/8 of a yard = 13 1/2 inches
  • 1/2 of a yard = 18 inches
  • 5/8 of a yard = 22 1/2 inches
  • 3/4 of a yard = 27 inches
  • 7/8 of a yard = 31 1/2 inches
  • 1 yard = 36 inches
Fraction 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8
Decimal 0.125 0.25 0.375 0.5 0.625 0.75 0.875

Common Quilting Patterns

Nine Patch Quilt
Four Patch Quilt
Five Patch Quilt
Seven Patch Quilt

Over time, certain styles of quilt received particular names. In 1934, the American author Carl Carmer published a list with quilt names. Some of the names are taken from Biblical episodes, while the back stories of others are now lost. Examples of most of these types of quilts can be found by doing a quick search over the Internet. You may be inspired to try and make your own version of one of these quilts, or perhaps you'll get some ideas on how to make a story of your own.

Air Castle Golden Gates Old Maid's Puzzle
All Tangled Up Hairpin Catcher Old Tippecanoe
Art Square Handy Andy Radical Rose
Aunt Sulky's Patch Hearts & Gizzards Solomon's Crown
Baseball Harrison's Rose Star of Bethlehem
Bed Time Hobson's Kiss Swinging Corners
Charm Ice Cream Bowl Tangled Garters
Churn Dash Joseph's Coat The Cross
Circle Saw Joseph's Necktie The Road to California
Crosses and Losses Lady of the Lake Tree of Paradise
Democrat Rose Lincoln's Platform True Lover's Knot
Devil's Claws Log Cabin Wedding Knot
Drunkard's Path Love Rose Wheel of Fortune
Economy Lover's Links Whig Rose
Forbidden Fruit Tree Necktie Widower's Choice
Friendship Quilt Odds and Ends Wonder of the World
Garden of Eden Old Bachelor's Puzzle

How Many Squares do You Need to Make a Quilt?

TWIN SIZE QUILT
Square Size Total Squares Total Size Without Borders
Squares wide x squares long width x length
12" 54 (6 X 9) 72" x 108"
15" 35 (5 X 7) 75" X 105"
16" 35 (5 X 7) 80" x 112"
18" 24 (4 X 6) 72" X 108"
FULL SIZE QUILT
Square Size Total Squares Total Size Without Borders
Squares wide x squares long width x length
12" 54 (6 X 9) 96" X 108"
15" 35 (5 X 7) 90" X 105"
16" 35 (5 X 7) 96" X 112"
18" 24 (4 X 6) 90" x 108"
QUEEN SIZE QUILT
Squares Size Total Squares Total Size Without Borders
Squares wide x squares long width x length
12" 54 (6 X 9) 96" X 108"
15" 35 (5 X 7) 90" X 105"
16" 35 (5 X 7) 96" X 112"
18" 24 (4 X 6) 90" X 108"
KING SIZE QUILT
Squares Size Total Squares Total Size Without Borders
Squares wide x squares long width x length
12" 90 (9 X 10) 108" X 120"
15" 56 (7 X 8) 105" X 120"
16" 49 (7 X 7) 112" X 112"
18" 36 (6 X 6) 108" X 108"

How Many Squares can You Cut from 45" Wide Fabric?

(42" usable width)

Width 1/8 Yard 1/4 Yard 1/2 Yard 3/4 Yard 1 Yard Fat Quarter (22" x 18")
1" 120 320 680 1040 1400 340
1 1/2" 52 130 312 442 598 156
2" 20 80 160 260 340 80
2 1/2" 16 48 96 160 224 48
3" 13 26 65 117 143 35
3 1/2" 11 22 44 77 110 24
4" - 20 40 60 80 20
4 1/2" - 8 24 48 56 12
5" - 8 24 40 56 12
5 1/2" - 7 21 28 42 9
6" - 6 12 24 30 6
6 1/2" - 6 12 24 30 6
7" - 5 12 15 25 6
7 1/2" - 5 10 15 20 4
8" - 5 10 15 20 4
8 1/2" - - 8 12 16 4
9" - - 4 8 12 2
9 1/2" - - 4 8 12 2
10" - - 4 8 12 2
10 1/2" - - 3 6 9 2
11" - - 3 6 9 1
11 1/2" - - 3 6 9 1
12" - - 3 6 6 1

How Many Strips can You Cut from 45" Wide Fabric?

(42" usable width)

Strip Width 1/8 Yard 1/4 Yard 1/2 Yard 3/4 Yards 1 Yard
1" 3 8 17 26 35
1 1/2" 2 5 11 17 23
2" 1 4 8 13 17
2 1/2" 1 3 6 10 14
3" 1 2 5 9 11
3 1/2" 1 2 4 7 10
4" - 2 4 6 8
4 1/2" - 1 3 6 7
5" - 1 3 5 7
5 1/2" - 1 3 4 6
6" - 1 2 4 5
6 1/2" - 1 2 4 5
7" - 1 2 3 5
7 1/2" - 1 2 3 4
8" - 1 2 3 4
8 1/2" - - 2 3 4
9" - - 1 2 3
9 1/2" - - 1 2 3
10" - - 1 2 3
10 1/2" - - 1 2 3
11" - - 1 2 3
11 1/2" - - 1 2 3
12" - - 1 2 2

Quilt Backing Yardage Requirements

(estimates based on 45" wide fabric)

To use the following chart take the length of your quilt, double it and add 18" to the sum. These measurements will allow you to determine how many yards you will need to back your quilt. The extra half yard (18") that is factored in to the following measurements allows for shrinkage and uneven cutting. This guide does not eliminate the need to take measurements of your quilt before purchasing fabric for the backing.

Chart Beginning Chart Continued
Length of Quilt (in inches) Doubled Length Plus 18" Doubled Length Plus18" Divided by 36 Yardage RequiredFor Backing Length of Quilt (in inches) Doubled Length Plus 18" Doubled Length Plus18" Divided by 36 Yardage Required For Backing
15" 48 1.33 1 1/2 Yards 85" 188 5.22 5 1/4 Yards
16" 50 1.39 1 1/2 Yards 86" 190 5.28 5 1/2 Yards
17" 52 1.44 1 1/2 Yards 87" 192 5.33 5 1/2 Yards
18" 54 1.50 1 1/2 Yards 88" 194 5.39 5 1/2 Yards
19" 56 1.56 1 3/4 Yards 89" 196 5.44 5 1/2 Yards
20" 58 1.61 1 3/4 Yards 90" 198 5.50 5 1/2 Yards
21" 60 1.67 1 3/4 Yards 91" 200 5.56 5 3/4 Yards
22" 62 1.72 1 3/4 Yards 92" 202 5.61 5 3/4 Yards
23" 64 1.78 2 Yards 93" 204 5.67 5 3/4 Yards
24" 66 1.83 2 Yards 94" 206 5.72 5 3/4 Yards
25" 68 1.89 2 Yards 95" 208 5.78 6 Yards
26" 70 1.94 2 Yards 96" 210 5.83 6 Yards
27" 72 2.00 2 Yards 97" 212 5.89 6 Yards
28" 74 2.06 2 1/4 Yards 98" 214 5.94 6 Yards
29" 76 2.11 2 1/4 Yards 99" 216 6.00 6 Yards
30" 78 2.17 2 1/4 Yards 100" 218 6.06 6 1/4 Yards
31" 80 2.22 2 1/4 Yards 101" 220 6.11 6 1/4 Yards
32" 82 2.28 2 1/2 Yards 102" 222 6.17 6 1/4 Yards
33" 84 2.33 2 1/2 Yards 103" 224 6.22 6 1/4 Yards
34" 86 2.39 2 1/2 Yards 104" 226 6.28 6 1/2 Yards
35" 88 2.44 2 1/2 Yards 105" 228 6.33 6 1/2 Yards
36" 90 2.50 2 1/2 Yards 106" 230 6.39 6 1/2 Yards
37" 92 2.56 2 3/4 Yards 107" 232 6.44 6 1/2 Yards
38" 94 2.61 2 3/4 Yards 108" 234 6.50 6 1/2 Yards
39" 96 2.67 2 3/4 Yards 109" 236 6.56 6 3/4 Yards
40" 98 2.72 2 3/4 Yards 110" 238 6.61 6 3/4 Yards
41" 100 2.78 3 Yards 111" 240 6.67 6 3/4 Yards
42" 102 2.83 3 Yards 112" 242 6.72 6 3/4 Yards
43" 104 2.89 3 Yards 113" 244 6.78 7 Yards
44" 106 2.94 3 Yards 114" 246 6.83 7 Yards
45" 108 3.00 3 Yards 115" 248 6.89 7 Yards
46" 110 3.06 3 1/4 Yards 116" 250 6.94 7 Yards
47" 112 3.11 3 1/4 Yards 117" 252 7.00 7 Yards
48" 114 3.17 3 1/4 Yards 118" 254 7.06 7 1/4 Yards
49" 116 3.22 3 1/4 Yards 119" 256 7.11 7 1/4 Yards
50" 118 3.28 3 1/2 Yards 120" 258 7.17 7 1/4 Yards
51" 120 3.33 3 1/2 Yards 121" 260 7.22 7 1/4 Yards
52" 122 3.39 3 1/2 Yards 122" 262 7.28 7 1/2 Yards
53" 124 3.44 3 1/2 Yards 123" 264 7.33 7 1/2 Yards
54" 126 3.50 3 1/2 Yards 124" 266 7.39 7 1/2 Yards
55" 128 3.56 3 3/4 Yards 125" 268 7.44 7 1/2 Yards
56" 130 3.61 3 3/4 Yards 126" 270 7.50 7 1/2 Yards
57" 132 3.67 3 3/4 Yards 127" 272 7.56 7 3/4 Yards
58" 134 3.72 3 3/4 Yards 128" 274 7.61 7 3/4 Yards
59" 136 3.78 4 Yards 129" 276 7.67 7 3/4 Yards
60" 138 3.83 4 Yards 130" 278 7.72 7 3/4 Yards
61" 140 3.89 4 Yards 131" 280 7.78 8 Yards
62" 142 3.94 4 Yards 132" 282 7.83 8 Yards
63" 144 4.00 4 Yards 133" 284 7.89 8 Yards
64" 146 4.06 4 1/4 Yards 134" 286 7.94 8 Yards
65" 148 4.11 4 1/4 Yards 135" 288 8.00 8 Yards
66" 150 4.17 4 1/4 Yards 136" 290 8.06 8 1/4 Yards
67" 152 4.22 4 1/4 Yards 137" 292 8.11 8 1/4 Yards
68" 154 4.28 4 1/2 Yards 138" 294 8.17 8 1/4 Yards
69" 156 4.33 4 1/2 Yards 139" 296 8.22 8 1/4 Yards
70" 158 4.39 4 1/2 Yards 140" 298 8.28 8 1/2 Yards
71" 160 4.44 4 1/2 Yards 141" 300 8.33 8 1/2 Yards
72" 162 4.50 4 1/2 Yards 142" 302 8.39 8 1/2 Yards
73" 164 4.56 4 3/4 Yards 143" 304 8.44 8 1/2 Yards
74" 166 4.61 4 3/4 Yards 144" 306 8.50 8 1/2 Yards
75" 168 4.67 4 3/4 Yards 145" 308 8.56 8 3/4 Yards
76" 170 4.72 4 3/4 Yards 146" 310 8.61 8 3/4 Yards
77" 172 4.78 5 Yards 147" 312 8.67 8 3/4 Yards
78" 174 4.83 5 Yards 148" 314 8.72 8 3/4 Yards
79" 176 4.89 5 Yards 149" 316 8.78 9 Yards
80" 178 4.94 5 Yards 150" 318 8.83 9 Yards
81" 180 5.00 5 Yards 151" 320 8.89 9 Yards
82" 182 5.06 5 1/4 Yards 152" 322 8.94 9 Yards
83" 184 5.11 5 1/4 Yards 153" 324 9.00 9 Yards
84" 186 5.17 5 1/4 Yards 154" 326 9.06 9 1/4 Yards

Quilt Binding Requirements

(based on 45" inch wide fabric)

Length + Width of Quilt Number of Stripes Required Total Amount of Fabric Yardage Required Total Usable Length
24" - 34" 2 5" 1/4 Yard 68"
36" - 50" 3 7 1/2" 1/4 Yard 102"
52" - 66" 4 10" 1/2 Yard 136"
68" - 84" 5 12 1/2" 1/2 Yard 170"
86" - 100" 6 15" 1/2 Yard 204"
102" - 118" 7 17 1/2" 1/2 Yard 238"
120" - 134" 8 20" 3/4 Yard 272"
136" - 152" 9 22 1/2" 3/4 Yard 306"
154" - 168" 10 25" 3/4 Yard 340"
170" - 186" 11 27 1/2" 1 Yard 374"
188" - 200" 12 30" 1 Yard 408"
Estimates based on 2 1/2" cut binding strip width.

How to Care for Your Quilt

Caring for a quilt continues long after the last stitch has been put in place. To preserve your work it is very important to care for your quilt. Therefore, let's consider some things you should do and some things you must avoid in order to keep your quilt in the best possible shape.
You should avoid storing your quilt in plastic bags or near heat sources. Also, do not store your quilt in an attic, basement or garage.

The best way to store your quilt would be to place it in a bed sheet or pillow case. Muslin bags and muslin covered tubes are also ideal ways of storing your quilt. Every so often, allow your quilt to air outside out of direct sunlight. Refold your quilt once a month or so to prevent permanent creases.
If your quilt is washable, do so only in cold water with gentle soap or hair shampoo. To dry your quilt, lay it flat over a white towel on a flat surface. Never hang your quilt to dry or put it in a dryer.

Upholstery Yardage

Reupholstering your furniture can be a daunting task. Especially when it comes to purchasing the right yardage. That is why we at J&O Fabrics have compiled a basic chart to help you determine how many yards you will need for your upholstery projects. These charts are intended to assist our customers in their projects by helping them avoid the expenses of purchasing too few or too many yards of fabric.

With the following charts J&O offers some estimates on how many yards you may need for specific upholstering projects. These charts are not intended to exhaustively treat every possible upholstery situation, but rather to give approximate yardages for some of the most common. Furthermore, as these charts are guidelines and not definitive statements, they do not eliminate the need for you to make exact measurements before purchasing fabric nor do they factor in many of the variables you may encounter during your project. Nevertheless, some members of our staff have over 40 years experience in the fabric industry, so if these charts do not satisfactorily clarify your questions feel free to send us your inquiries to info@jandofabrics.com.


Upholstery Yardage Estimator


Upholstered Cushions

Cushions Without Pattern Match With Pattern Match
Up to 26" wide 2 Yards Each 2 1/2 Yards Each
27" to 52" wide 3 1/2 Yards Each 5 1/2 Yards Each
53" to 100" wide 5 1/2 Yards Each 7 1/2 Yards Each

Upholstered Pillows

(with self welt)

Size Without Pattern Match With Pattern Match
Up to 18" wide 1 Yard Each 1 1/2 Yards Each
18" to 24" wide 1 1/2 Yards Each 2 1/2 Yards Each
25" to 36" wide 2 1/2 Yards Each 3 1/2 Yards Each
37" to 46" wide 3 Yards Each 4 Yards Each

Slipcovers for Upholstered Furniture

Slipcovers - 54" Wide Fabric - Solid
Furniture Type Without Pattern Match With Pattern Match
Ottoman (up to 29" wide) 3 1/2 Yards 4 1/2 Yards
Ottoman (between 30" and 45" wide) 4 1/2 Yards 5 1/2 Yards
Round Ottoman 6 Yards 7 Yards
Parson Chair 4 1/2 Yards 5 Yards
Dining Chair with Arms (no loose cushion) 5 1/2 Yards 6 Yards
No Cushion or 1 Cushion Chair 7 Yards 8 Yards
2 Cushion Chair (up to 35" wide) 8 Yards 9 Yards
2 Cushion Chair (36" to 46" wide) 10 Yards 12 Yards
2 Cushion Love Seat (47" to 60" wide) 13 Yards 15 Yards
4 Cushion Love Seat (47" to 60" wide) 14 Yards 16 Yards
2 Cushion Sofa (61" to 85" wide) 14 Yards 16 Yards
3 Cushion Sofa (61" to 85" wide) 15 Yards 17 Yards
4 Cushion Sofa (61" to 85" wide) 16 Yards 18 Yards
5 Cushion Sofa (61" to 85" wide) 17 Yards 19 Yards
6 Cushion Sofa (61" to 85" wide) 18 Yards 20 Yards
6 Cushion Sofa (86" +) 20 Yards 22 Yards
1 Arm Sectional Small (nonsymmetrical, up to 46" wide and 1 to 3 loose cushions) 8 Yards 10 Yards
1 Arm Sectional Large - (nonsymmetrical, up to 80" wide and 4 to 6 loose cushions) 15 Yards 17 Yards
Center Sectional Small (up to 36" wide and 1 to 2 loose cushions) 8 Yards 10 Yards
Center Sectional Large (up to 60" wide and 4 loose cushions) 12 Yards 14 Yards

Slipcovers are fitted protective covers made of fabric that may be slipped on and off of upholstered furniture. Slipcovers can fit loosely or snuggly depending on your taste.


How to Measure for Slipcovers

Size & Fit for Standard Chair, Loveseat and Sofa Slipcovers (Regular Seat Cushions)
Chair Oversized Chair Loveseat Sofa
Step 1:
Measure furniture outside arm to outside arm.
32 - 43" 48 - 55" 58 - 73" 74 - 96"
Step 2:
Measure the maximum seat cushion width from the outside front of the furniture.
34" MAX 36" MAX 59" MAX 86" MAX
Step 3:
Measure the maximum seat cushion depth from the back of the seat cushion to the front of the seat.
28" MAX 28" MAX 28" MAX 28" MAX
Step 4:
Measure the maximum body width from the outside edge of the right arm, around the back of furniture to the outside edge of the left arm.
116" MAX 134" MAX 140" MAX 168" MAX
Step 5:
Measure the contour length from the back of the seat cushion, going over the top of the furniture back and down to the floor.
64" MAX 70" MAX 64" MAX 64" MAX

Some Reminders

  • Yardage amounts are based on solid, 54" wide upholstery fabric. Extra yardage may be required to match patterns.
  • If you are using printed fabric add 25% to the yardage.
  • J&O Fabrics offers this information to accommodate our customers. We are not responsible for discrepancies in yardage.

Drapery Styles

Are you at a loss as to what you can do with your windows? The seemingly endless window treatment possibilities can be overwhelming. However, it doesn't have to be that way. The following images are meant to give you some ideas that you can consider when trying to decide how to decorate your windows.


Balloon and Roman Shades

Balloon shades, like Roman shades, are composed of a fabric body that gathers up to the top of a window to create soft, billowing folds. Soft, lightweight fabrics should be chosen for balloon shades. Balloon shades should also be lined with a light material, but not with interlining. Balloon shades are intended to be light and airy.

There are two types of Roman shades: classic and flat. Classic Roman shades have overlapping folds when lowered, while flat Roman shades have no folds when lowered. Roman shades should be made out of full bodied fabric. As you will be able to see with the following examples, there is some variety among the two types of Roman shades.

Shades - Balloon

Balloon Royale Shade
Gathered Balloon Shade
London Shade
Pleated Balloon Shade
Smocked Balloon Shade

Shades - Flat Roman

Back Slat Roman Shade
Casual Roman Shade with Tails
Center Pleat Roman Shade
Double Tuck Roman Shade
Flat Roman Shade
Front Slat Roman Shade
Relaxed Roman Shade

Shades - Shirred and Folded

Austrian Shade
Deco Fold Shade

Valances - Board Mounted

Valances are short draperies that hang along the top part of a window, with or without a curtain underneath. It can also be made of wood or metal that is painted or covered with fabric. Valances are meant to cover the top of the window as well as the supporting hardware. Valances are typically no longer than 20".

Austrian Swag Valance
Box Pleated Tapered Valance
Button Backed Valance
Empire Pole Mounted Valance
Empire Valance
Empire Valance with Knots
Inverted Box Pleated Valance
Kick Pleated Valance
Kingston Valance
Murphy Valance
Pleated Balloon Valance
Queen Anne Valance
Sheffield Valance
Soft Valance with Pleats
Stagecoach Valance
Victory Swag Valance

Valances - Rod Pocket

Pouf Valance
Rod Pocket Balloon Valance
Rod Pocket Valance
Rod Sleeve Valance
Serpentine Rod Pocket Valance
Tapered Rod Pocket Valance

Valances - Pleated

Butterfly Pleated Valance
Cartridge Pleated Valance
Goblet Pleated Valance
Pinch Pleated Valance

Valances - Tab Top

Gathered Tab Top Valance
Tab Top Valance
Tie Tab Top Valance

Swags

A swag is a one-piece valance which is cut longer on either end so that it frames the entire top half of the window. Swags are usually hung over rods. Swags should be done out of fabric that has body but is soft. Anything too crisp or stiff, such as chintz, is not a good choice.

Asymmetrical Swag
Bustle Swag Drapes
Classic Swag
Pole Swag
Monaco Pole Swag

Draperies

Rod Pocket Top & Bottom Drapery
Hourglass Drapery
Rod Pocket Drapery
Pinch Pleated Drapery
Inverted Pinch Pleated Drapery
Fan Pleated Drapery
Goblet Pleated Drapery
Butterfly Pleated Drapery
Cartridge Pleated Drapery
Tab Top Drapery
Button Tab Top Drapery
Gathered Tab Top Drapery
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